To start painting we basically need only paint, brushes and a surface (canvas, paper, wood or something else). Learning and experimenting we will discover that there are so many useful tools for acrylic painting that make creative process easier and more fun, that open more techniques and effects for us.
Here is my list of 13 tools for acrylic painting:
- Palette knives
- Color Palette
- Extra brush shapes and painting tools
- Paint shapers
- Towels / Rags
- Cups / Jars
- Tape and trash bags
- Spray bottle
- Pencils and Charcoals
- Storage tools
A palette knife is one of my favorite tools for acrylic painting. It can be used for mixing or applying paint.
A palette knife has a handle and a blade. Palette knives come in various blade shapes:
If you need a palette knife just to mix colors, you need only one. If you like to experiment with thicker applications, patches, shapes, and techniques, you can simply buy one cheap set to try, and if you really like it, upgrade it to something more durable and expensive.
These paintings were created exclusively with palette knife:
Sometimes we decide to reuse the canvas and scrap the painting because we don’t like it anymore or we know exactly how to make it better. Another sad story when we scrap paintings is when it is completely cracked.
You can scrap a painting with palette knife, here is a step-by-step guide. It takes time, but it is quite easy.
Palette is a must-have surface to squeeze, mix and use paint. There are 2 general types of palettes: traditional and stay-wet palette.
The traditional one is the most common palette that you’ve seen at the art store. It can be disposable pads, plastic, wooden, ceramic, or glass.
A stay-wet palette was created to help artists work longer with acrylics. Acrylic paint is fast-drying and to make it dry slower, you can buy a stay-wet palette or make one at home.
In fact, even with a standard palette, you can slow down the drying process, just spraying palette or paint when it starts drying.
Personally, I don’t like palettes with wells, they are usually small and inconvenient for paint mixing. I prefer a flat large surface as a palette.
My pick would be Easyou flat large plastic palette for $8.
Extra brush types and painting tools
When we just start learning acrylic painting, round and flat shaped brushes can be enough. Soon, we want to try something new, our skills are getting better and we need a separate brush for detailed work, an angular brush.
But I also want to encourage you to use different types of brushes, sponge brushes, handmade brushes, etc.
Foam and sponge brushes for painting are ideal for staining, washing, large or hard-to-reach areas. They create a smooth and even finish, but also they are great to create some abstract art – dip a sponge brush in thinned paint and then drip it on the canvas, you will have unique shapes and effects.
Blick Essentials Value Foam Set of 3 is only $1.69 – why not to try something new?!
By the way, some artists use foam brushes for varnishing. Extremely cheap option with no brush strokes!
Liquitex has an interesting Freestyle Large scale set which includes 5 brushes: 1” Universal Angle, 1” Universal Flat, 1” Paddle, 2” Paddle, and Splatter Round.
This is something for those who are already in love with experimenting and creative freedom! I would like to say about Splatter – it is a very rare brush in sets – great for creating unique splatter effects and different marks.
Palette knife can be also a scrapping tool, or even a piece of the cardboard as scapping tool, but it is not firm enough, it soaks paint and it will not last long 🙂
Princeton Catalyst Contours and Wedges – THIS IS SOMETHING AMAZING! I feel like a child painting abstract, but these tools just make art so much fun. Wedges are made of flexible, FDA-approved silicone, while Contours are made of solid nylon.
Contours and wedges help you create even surface, edges, unique textures. I recommend everyone to try this with paint, but also, if you are a creative soul, this tool works perfectly with clay too (I use it for both painting and pottery).
Not sure how to use scraping in painting? Check this video:
If you feel one day more Japanese style of adding calligraphy to your work and smooth curves, you should definitely pick some quill brushes.
This will take you some time and skills but also will enrich your painting creativity and give you some inspiration.
Artists also use toothpick and Q-tips for creating details and interesting effects. You are free to experiment!
Color shapers are revolutionary and innovative tools for painting. You don’t need a brush, you squeeze some paint on the canvas and shape it with a color shaper.
Color shapers have various shapes: Taper Point, Cup Round, Cup Chisel, Flat Chisel, and Angle Chisel to help you create lines, carving, texture. They are useful for blending and great for creating edges.
As paintbrushes, shapers come in different sizes and also hardness (soft or firm).
Artists of all levels work with easels. It can be particularly important for beginners to start painting with an easel and not laying your canvas or paper on the table, because it changes proportions, perspective and you will inevitably move paper, place it at angles which will affect the results.
Easels come in a wide range of sizes and styles for the studio and for outdoor (or plein air) work.
They are made of wood or metal, with specific features that cater to the type of media being used.
Common Easel styles:
- A-frame and lyre easels are for upright work
- Convertible and hybrid easels can be adjusted to any position in between for oils, acrylics, and other media.
- Studio easels often have wheels so they can be moved to catch the changing light, or stored out of the way when not in use. Some easels are designed to accommodate artists both in standing and sitting positions.
- H-frame easels have substantial rectangular bases for stability
- Plein air, French style, and tripod field easels have lighter weight and are portable.
- Sketchbox easels are designed for tabletop or field use and are portable.
- Tabletop easels are ideal for sitting artists working on smaller canvases, or for displaying small artworks.
- Display easels are used to hold artwork at art shows and in studios or public zones.
Blick Studio Convertible Studio Easel can be a great start for a beginner, but it can be pricey (±$110). If you just want to try some small paintings first, you can buy a tabletop easel and then upgrade to a studio one.
Blick Studio Tabletop Easel can be adjusted for canvases up to 22″ high, easy to assemble, and affordable – $28.34 for a wooden easel isn’t bad at all!
Towels to clean and dry brushes between strokes (this will make sure your colors are not muddied on your brush).
I just use an old one, fabric one. But you can definitely use paper towels.
You may also need paper towels for DIY stay-wet palette.
Cups and Jars
Plastic cups will be essential for acrylic pouring. You will need a lot of cups to mix paint with a pouring medium. 5 oz cups will be enough for a beginner and small / medium surfaces. Try to reuse or recycle them to save the planet.
You will also need big cups, jars or containers for holding water or to mix paint with mediums.
I am big fan of pottery and I suggest you to make a jar for brushes yourself during a pottery workshop 🙂
Tape and trash bags
For protecting surfaces from paint you will need some large trash bags and tape. I paint outside sometimes and I need to protect wood, because wood is one of the surface that will be happy to stick with acrylics.
If I paint small pieces indoor, on tiled floor, I may skip this step and just clean the floor with water immediately after painting. Tiles are non-absorbent for acrylics, so paint will just dry on it. Still, better to cover all surfaces, because some paint can add tint to your floor.
Add water and spray palette, paint or back of the canvas to make paint dry slower.
You can buy one, but definitely, you can just reuse an old spray bottle from some beauty product (I had some for hairs).
To keep yourself and your clothes clean, as acrylics are really hard to wash off, you can have a separate outfit or to buy an apron, if your hobby is a real passion.
I work without apron, but it is individual preferences, for sure. There are textile or disposable aprons. Disposable ones can be good for art classes, for children and for one time work.
Blick has a nice option for $3.99 – it is a black cotton canvas apron with ties.
For someone very impatient here is the tip about making paint dry faster – use a haidryer.
There are only 2 precautions: never direct a hairdryer straight on the painting and never use the maximum power.
And, in general, try to leave paint dry naturally, any shifts in dry time between layers or extreme temperatures can accidentally lead to cracks.
Pencils or Charcoal
Mastering different techniques, artists start to mix them. We mix paints, mediums, we write or draw lines with pencils over painting areas or we even sew canvases.
But more often we use pencils or charcoal to simply make a sketch before we start painting.
We need to me very careful about painting tools storage:
- only store paintbrushes bristle up
- store painting in a well-aired room, 50% humidity and 65-75 F.
- storing paintings place something in between to make sure they don’t touch each other
- don’t touch painting with your fingers too much 🙂
- store paint in the same well-aired room
- never leave brushes with dried paint on them.
To store brushes use a jar or buy a special holder or organizer, to transport brushes I use roll holder, like this:
To store paint you can buy special storage cases or just use big containers.